Goal-Based Instruction Affects Jump Squat Performance

Strength and Conditioning

Having a good coach is invaluable to any athlete. In fact, a good coach might be the most important factor in the success or failure of any athletic endeavor. While we could all probably come up with a list of the best qualities from our favorite coaches, a study this month in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research provides some definitive proof.


The researchers wondered if meaningful differences in performance and technique in fit individuals could be achieved by instruction alone. If so, the results could have ramifications on how coaching and testing of athletes is performed. The participants received two different types of instruction for their jump squats. Some received the instruction to jump as high as possible, while others received instructions to extend their legs as fast as they could to maximize explosive force.


As you can see, the instructions were goal-oriented. I doubt it’s a controversial matter whether or not technique-based instructions can improve performance. Instead, the researchers wondered if changes in goal-based instruction could change how athletes do exercises, and, more importantly, if they would perform better when coached in this way.


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